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Trans-fatty Acid Content in Food

EU legislation on industrially produced trans-fatty acids.

​​​Denmark was the first country in the world to have adopted legislation on the industrial use of trans-fatty acids in foods.

The Danish legislation on trans-fatty acids in foods was applied since January 2004, setting a maximum level on the content of industrially produced trans-fatty acids in processed foods.

In ​2019 EU rules on trans fatty acids were established in the Regulation (EU) 2019/649 of 24 April 2019 amending Annex III to regulation (EC) No 1925/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards trans fat, other than trans fat naturally occurring in fat of animal origin.

The most important aspects of the legislation are:

  • It applies to industrially produced oils and fats that are intended for, or likely to be consumed by, humans either alone or as part of food products.
  • It does not apply to animal fats with a natural content of trans-fatty acids.
  • The content of trans-fatty acids in oils, fats and food products must not exceed 2 grams per 100 grams of oil or fat.

The control of any legislative infringements is carried out by the local authorities under The Danish Veterinary and Food Administration.

For more information regarding scientific background and data on trans-fatty acids in food, see the report 'Danish data on trans-fatty acids in foods' from The Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Fisheries and The Danish Technical University, National Food Institute, 2014.

Last Modified 2. August 2022